After five days of battling against seemingly impregnable hill positions and two nights of repulsing enemy counterattacks proved fruitless, Irving decided on a double envelopment of the enemy defenders. The Japanese forces under Admirals Nishimura and Shima had no common command, minimal coordination, and were too far apart for mutual support.
The carrier IJN Chitose sank at Makino to evacuate his command post further westward. Shima chose to retreat, in an example of deductive reasoning in operational strategy. The first strike, from TG I believed that the Center Force had been so heavily damaged in the Sibuyan Sea that it could no longer be considered a serious menace to the Seventh Fleet.
Mountainous terrain and impassable roads forced Sixth Army transportation units to improvise resupply trains of Navy landing craft, tracked landing vehicles, airdrops, artillery tractors, trucks, even carabaos and hundreds of barefoot Filipino bearers.
Indiana University Press, Woodward, C. The Allied forces only lost an escort carrier to the battle. He said "The first job was to attack the transport force.
In addition, we used seaplanes for attacking torpedo boats. Musashi, however, was the substitute victim for Yamato. Among the naval vessels lost included four aircraft carriers, eight cruisers, three battleships and twelve destroyers.
I ordered [the carrier task groups] to close the islands and to launch search teams in a fan that would cover the western sea approaches for the entire length of the chain. Kurita was to navigate the Sibuyan Sea and the San Bernardino Strait prior to the launch of his attack.
This required the Japanese navy to use civilian oilers, resulting in domestic oil shortages. Southwest Area Force concurred and radioed Vice Adm. Battle of the Airfields[ edit ] While Gen.
Note anti-aircraft shell bursts overhead. He chose not to send an air strike against it for two reasons: The Jap mind is inelastic; it cannot adapt itself to an altered situation. Four Japanese snipers shot and killed in the muddy water of a bomb crater A more serious danger to the US forces developed at sea.
The larger Leyte Valley extends from the northern coast to the long eastern shore and contains most of the towns and roadways on the island. Noshino of IJN Shigure gave examples of the poor communications among the forces.
My only requirement in such cases is that I be informed as fully and as early as the situation permits. It was an unauthorized action; Teraoka had told him "When you can show me how to bring the men back from the special attack [called tokko ], then I will listen.
Shima to take his force to Coron Bay and refuel there from fleet tankers in preparation for a possible sortie through Surigao Strait. Halsey, still racing north, ignored the pleas.
It was also a personal matter of pride for MacArthur. Navy carrier aircraft, during the afternoon of 25 October. Coincidentally, Lingga Roads was closer to India, and the British interpreted this as a threat to it, which led them to hold forces there.
It was the last engagement in which battleships fought directly, although much of the damage was done by torpedoes from destroyers. Throughout, the Kamikaze or Special Attack planes constituted the nucleus of my air force.
See the Action off Samar for details of communications and miscommunications. Still, Ozawa had limited authority and information.
US naval units moved out to intercept, and the air and naval Battle of Leyte Gulf —the largest naval battle in the Pacific : Australian Defense Force Journal,  J.
The other battleships were only lightly damaged and would be part of the Action off Samar IJN Musashi and unidentified destroyer under air attack These ships had little air cover.The resultant outcome of the Battle of Leyte Gulf demonstrated military operational strategy at work in the biggest of theatres: the largest naval battle in the history of humankind.
It demonstrated the various frailties and advantages associated with various approaches to operational strategy in battle. The Battle of Leyte Gulf (October) was the largest naval battle in world history and the last major sea battle of World War Two.
It was fought between the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied naval forces in the seas around and to the east of the Philippine Islands. The Battle of Leyte (Filipino: Labanan sa Leyte, Waray: Gubat ha Leyte, 17 October - 26 December ) in the Pacific campaign of World War II was the amphibious invasion of the island of Leyte in the Philippines by American forces and Filipino guerrillas under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, who fought against the Imperial Japanese.
Operations analysis: The battle for Leyte Gulf [D. C Robertson] on billsimas.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Operational Analysis on Battle for Leyte Gulf Essay a.
What is the battle/campaign all about b. Battle/campaign objectives well presented c. Opposing forces description (focus on Air Components) d. Brief account of events. Battle of Leyte Gulf April 15, From October, the United States and Japan were engaged in the Battle of Leyte Gulf near the Philippine islands of Leyte, Samar, and billsimas.com battle is known as the largest naval battle in history.Download